Original Research

Continuous programme renewal and critical citizenship: Key items for the South African higher education curriculum agenda

Eli Bitzer, Elmarie Costandius
Transformation in Higher Education | Vol 3 | a37 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/the.v3i0.37 | © 2018 Elmarie Costandius, Eli Bitzer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 January 2018 | Published: 18 June 2018

About the author(s)

Eli Bitzer, Centre for Higher and Adult Education, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Elmarie Costandius, Department of Visual Design, Stellenbosch University, South Africa


In this article, we explore the term ‘programme renewal’ and then continue to point out why programme renewal bodes an essential topic for continuous inquiry and attention. We also highlight the importance of approaching programme renewal from a sound theoretical base and point to the important issue of promoting critical citizenship with students in learning programmes. We finally point to the links between programme renewal and critical citizenship through four sample cases.


Curriculum; Higher Education; Critical citizenship


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